Military Allies and Economic Conflict

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Economic conflicts among military allies may undermine their strategic alignment. Economic disputes in a wide range of areas–from weapons procurement to international trade to access to natural resources–go back to the very beginning of NATO. In recognition of these challenges, Article 2 of the NATO treaty calls upon the member states to ‘eliminate conflict in their … economic policies’. Examining the causes of such conflicts and efforts to resolve them hold the promise of yielding policy-relevant insights for contemporary public officials and defence strategists as they navigate the current geopolitical environment, including ‘de-risking’ economic relations with a more assertive China. One ally may need to make ‘side-payments’ to others in order to maintain strategic alignment on key security issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-192
Number of pages14
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


  • alliances
  • de-risking
  • economic conflict
  • externalities
  • international trade
  • NATO
  • side-payments


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