Microlensing of the broad emission line region in the quadruple lens SDSS J1004+4112

Gordon T. Richards, Charles R. Keeton, Bartosz Pindor, Joseph F. Hennawi, Patrick B. Hall, Edwin L. Turner, Naohisa Inada, Masamune Oguri, Shin Ichi Ichikawa, Robert H. Becker, Michael D. Gregg, Richard L. White, J. Stuart, Donald P. Schneider, David E. Johnston, Joshua A. Frieman, J. Brinkmann

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86 Scopus citations


We present seven epochs of spectroscopy on the quadruply imaged quasar SDSS J1004+4112, spanning observed-frame time delays from 1 to 322 days. The spectra reveal differences in the emission lines between the lensed images. Specifically, component A showed a strong enhancement in the blue wings of several high-ionization lines relative to component B, which lasted at least 28 days (observed frame) and then faded. Since the predicted time delay between A and B is ≳30 days, our time coverage suggests that the event was not intrinsic to the quasar. We attribute these variations to microlensing of part of the broad emission line region of the quasar, apparently resolving structure in the source plane on a scale of ∼1016 cm at z = 1.734. In addition, we observed smaller differences in the emission-line profiles between components A and B that persisted throughout the time span, which may also be due to microlensing or millilensing. Further spectroscopic monitoring of this system holds considerable promise for resolving the structure of the broad emission line region in quasars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-685
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Gravitational lensing
  • Quasars: emission lines
  • Quasars: general


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