Predator-prey systems in continuously operated chemostats exhibit sustained oscillations over a wide range of operating conditions. When the chemostat is operated periodically, the interaction of the natural oscillation frequency with the external forcing gives rise to a wealth of dynamic behavior patterns. Using numerical bifurcation techniques, we perform a detailed computational study of these patterns and the transitions (local and especially global) between them as the amplitude and frequency of the forcing vary. The transition from low-forcing-amplitude quasiperiodicity to entrainment of the chemostat behavior by strong forcing (involving the concerted closing of resonance horns) is analyzed. We concentrate on certain strong resonance phenomena between the two frequencies and provide an extensive atlas of computed phase portraits for our model system. Our observations corroborate recent mathematical results and case studies of periodically forced chemical oscillators. In particular, the existence and relative succession of several distinct types of global bifurcations resulting in chaotic transients and multistability are studied in detail. The location in the operating diagram of several key codimension 2 local bifurcations of periodic solutions is computed, and their interaction with an interesting feature we name "real-eigenvalues horns" is examined.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Modeling and Simulation
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Applied Mathematics