Method of image charges for describing deformation of bounded two-dimensional solids with circular inclusions

Siddhartha Sarkar, MatjaŽ Čebron, Miha Brojan, Andrej Košmrlj

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7 Scopus citations


We present a method for predicting the linear response deformation of finite and semi-infinite 2D solid structures with circular holes and inclusions by employing the analogies with image charges and induction in electrostatics. Charges in electrostatics induce image charges near conductive boundaries and an external electric field induces polarization (dipoles, quadrupoles, and other multipoles) of conductive and dielectric objects. Similarly, charges in elasticity induce image charges near boundaries and external stress induces polarization (quadrupoles and other multipoles) inside holes and inclusions. Stresses generated by these induced elastic multipoles as well as stresses generated by their images near boundaries then lead to interactions between holes and inclusions and with their images, which induce additional polarization and thus additional deformation of holes and inclusions. We present a method that expands induced polarization in a series of elastic multipoles, which systematically takes into account the interactions of inclusions and holes with the external field, between them, and with their images. The results of our method for linear deformation of circular holes and inclusions near straight and curved boundaries show good agreement with both linear finite element simulations and experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number053004
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability


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