Metamorphism and near-trench plutonism during initial accretion of the Cretaceous Alaskan forearc

D. E. Barnett, J. R. Bowman, T. L. Pavlis, J. R. Rubenstone, L. W. Snee, Tullis C. Onstott

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Cenozoic uplift of the eastern Aleutian forearc has exposed the tectonic join between the Jurassic crystalline hanging wall of the arc and the oceanic assemblages of the footwall accreted during Cretaceous and Tertiary subduction, the Border Ranges fault system (BRFS). The early stages of accretion along the BRFS in the Knik River area were characterized by high-temperature ductile thrusting and metamorphism at low to moderate P/T. Peak metamorphic conditions at the currently exposed levels can be explained by heat carried to the area by tonalite and trondhjemite plutons. Generation of tonalite and trondhjemite melts within the Cretaceous forearc, however, requires a heat source within or near the BRFS. Ridge subduction cannot be ruled out as the heat source; however, simple thermal models presented herein indicate that the temperatures required for anatexis within the forearc can be explained by transient heating on the fault by shear heating of dry lithologies during the earliest stages of thrust motion. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24,007-24,024
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberB12
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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