Medical care for children: public insurance, private insurance, and racial differences in utilization

J. Currie, D. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Data from two waves of the Child-Mother module of the US National Longitudinal Surveys are used to examine the medical care received by children. The authors compare those covered by Medicaid, by private health insurance and those with no insurance coverage at all. There are substantial differences in the impact of public and private health insurance and these effects also differ between blacks and whites. White children on Medicaid tend to have more doctor checkups that any other children and white children on Medicaid or a private insurance plan have a higher number of doctor visits for illness. In contrast, for black children, neither Medicaid nor private insurance coverage is associated with any advantage in terms of the number of doctor visits for illness. Black children with private coverage are no more likely than those with no coverage to have doctor checkups. The results suggest that private and public health insurance mean different things to different children, and that national insurance coverage will not equalize utilization of care. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-162
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Human Resources
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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