Multimedia signal processing, or media processing , is the processing of digital multimedia information in a programmable processor. Digital multimedia information includes visual information like images, video, graphics, and animation, audio information like voice and music, and textual information like keyboard text and handwriting. With general-purpose computers processing more multimedia information, multimedia instructions for efficient media processing have been defined for the instruction set architectures (ISAs) of microprocessors. Meanwhile, digital processing of video and audio data 23-1 in consumer products has also resulted in more sophisticated media processors. Traditional digital signal processors (DSPs) in music players and recorders and mobile telephones are becoming increasingly sophisticated as they process multiple forms of multimedia data, rather than just audio signals. Video processors for televisions and video recorders have become more versatile as they have to take into account high-fidelity audio processing and real-time three-dimensional (3-D) graphics animations. This has led to the design of more versatile media processors, which combine the capabilities of DSPs for efficient audio and signal processing, video processors for efficient video processing, graphics processors for efficient 2-D and 3-D graphics processing, and general-purpose processors for efficient and flexible programming. The functions performed by microprocessors and media processors may eventually converge. In this chapter, some of the key innovations in multimedia instructions added to microprocessor ISAs are described, which have allowed high-fidelity multimedia to be processed in real-time on ubiquitous desktop and notebook computers. Many of these features have also been adopted in modern media processors and DSPs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Computer Science
- General Engineering