Mechanisms of Pluripotency In Vivo and In Vitro

Eszter Posfai, Oliver H. Tam, Janet Rossant

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the course of preimplantation development, the mammalian embryo develops from a single totipotent cell into a blastocyst that is composed of three distinct cell types. Two waves of lineage specification events take place, setting aside a pluripotent cell population, the epiblast, from extraembryonic tissues. The epiblast that will form the somatic cells and germ line of the adult organism remains pluripotent until gastrulation, which commences shortly after the embryo implants. The epiblast's remarkable property of pluripotency has been harnessed by researchers for decades through derivation of embryonic stem cells and epiblast stem cells. Both types of cells can self-renew indefinitely and still retain the ability of germ layer differentiation. However, a central conundrum to the field of stem cell biology is the extent to which these in vitro cultured cells represent their in vivo tissue of origin. In this review we discuss the development of in vivo pluripotency, and compare and contrast the role of signaling pathways and downstream transcription factors in embryo-derived stem cell types and their in vivo equivalent lineage counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Topics in Developmental Biology
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages1-37
Number of pages37
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCurrent Topics in Developmental Biology
Volume107
ISSN (Print)0070-2153

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Embryonic stem cell
  • Epiblast stem cell
  • Lineage maintenance
  • Lineage specification
  • Mouse embryo
  • Pluripotency
  • Signaling pathway
  • Transcription factor

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  • Cite this

    Posfai, E., Tam, O. H., & Rossant, J. (2014). Mechanisms of Pluripotency In Vivo and In Vitro. In Current Topics in Developmental Biology (pp. 1-37). (Current Topics in Developmental Biology; Vol. 107). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416022-4.00001-9