Mechanisms of metal dusting corrosion of iron

Chang Min Chun, J. D. Mumford, T. A. Ramanarayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metal dusting is a severe form of corrosive degradation that Fe, Co, and Ni base high-temperature alloys undergo when subjected to environments supersaturated with carbon (ac > 1). This corrosion process leads to the break-up of bulk metal into metal powder. The present study focuses on the fundamental understanding of the corrosion of Fe in carbon-supersaturated environments over the temperature range 350-1050°C. Building on earlier research, the role of deposited carbon in triggering corrosion is further clarified. The corrosion rate peaks at ∼575°C with a sharp decrease in rate on either side of the maximum. High-resolution electron microscopy reveals, in addition to metal particles, a mixture of graphitic carbon, amorphous carbon, and filamentous carbon in the corrosion product. While the presence of a surface layer of Fe3C is characteristic of corrosion up to 850°C, such a layer is absent at the higher temperatures The focus of this research is to understand reaction mechanisms by characterizing interracial processes at the nano level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)B348-B355
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume149
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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