Mechanical properties of weathering steels at elevated temperatures

Jonathan D. Glassman, Alex Gomez, Maria E.Moreyra Garlock, James Ricles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Weathering steels are high strength low alloy steels, with a resistance to corrosion provided through their alloying elements to form a dense layer of rust to stop further corrosion. While their mechanical material properties are well-known at ambient temperature, they have not been studied when exposed to high temperatures (as found in fires) and then cooled. This research examines mechanical properties such as Young's modulus, E, yield stress, σy, ultimate stress, σu, fracture toughness, and surface hardness for weathering steel (A588) and compares them to A709/A992 non-weathering steel. Such a comparison is done at ambient (as a control) and for temperatures ranging from 20 °C (70 °F), to 815 °C (1500 °F). Cooling by air and cooling by water examines the post-fire residual strength. Results show that A588 steel specimens have a slightly larger reduction in σu at elevated temperatures compared to A709 steel specimens. Steel specimens heated up to 649 °C (1200 °F) and allowed to cool in either air or water can be expected to possess residual (post-fire) mechanical properties that are comparable to their original ambient temperature mechanical properties. Steel specimens heated to 815 °C (1500 °F) and cooled in water can experience significant increases in their residual ambient temperature σy and σu values, but also increasingly brittle behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105996
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
StatePublished - May 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


  • Elevated temperature
  • Fire
  • Material properties
  • Residual strength
  • Weathering steel


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