Knowledge of the compressive mechanical properties of battery separator membranes is important for understanding their long term performance in battery cells where they are placed under compression. This paper presents a straightforward procedure for measuring the compressive mechanical properties of battery separator membranes using a universal compression testing machine. The compressive mechanical properties of a microporous polypropylene separator are characterized over a range of strain rates and in different fluid environments. These measurements are then compared to measurements of the rate and fluid-dependent mechanical properties of the separator under tension. High strain rate dependence due to viscoelasticity is observed in both tension and compression. An additional rate dependence due to poroelastic effects is observed in compression at high strain rates. A reduction in mechanical properties is observed in DMC solvent environments for both tension and compression, but is found to be less pronounced in compression. The difference in mechanical properties between compression and tension highlight the anisotropic nature of battery separators and the importance of measuring compressive properties in addition to tensile properties.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry