Measurement of reaction rate constants using RCM: A case study of decomposition of dimethyl carbonate to dimethyl ether

Peng Zhang, Shuang Li, Yingdi Wang, Weiqi Ji, Wenyu Sun, Bin Yang, Xin He, Zhi Wang, Chung King Law, Feng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper proposes a method to measure the reaction rate constants in kinetically-simple pyrolysis systems using rapid compression machine (RCM) and fast sampling. The method involves first performing sensitivity analysis based on a reasonable kinetic model to identify the species dominated by a target reaction. Then the time-resolved species concentration profiles are measured in RCM experiments using fast sampling and gas chromatography. Finally, the pre-assigned pre-exponential factor and the activation energy are optimized by an iterative fitting procedure, in which the entire temperature profile derived from the pressure history is taken into account. In order to validate this method, the rate constant of the reaction CH3OCHO (methyl formate, MF) => CH3OH + CO (R1) was determined by measuring the CO concentration over 948–1112 K at 30 bar, obtaining the rate expressionkR1/s−1=3.04×1013exp(−30968K/T), which is consistent with previous theoretical and experimental studies. The rate constant of the reaction CH3OCOOCH3 (dimethyl carbonate, DMC) => CH3OCH3 (dimethyl ether, DME) + CO2 (R2) was then studied by measuring the time-resolved DME concentration over 994–1068 K at 30 bar. The measured rate expression of kR2/s−1=2.02×1013exp(−34248K/T)with an uncertainty of ±30% agrees well with the RRKM/Master Equation calculation based on a high-level quantum chemical potential energy surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume183
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Keywords

  • Dimethyl carbonate
  • Fast sampling
  • Methyl formate
  • Rapid compression machine
  • Rate constant measurement

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