Ion temperature and toroidal flow along the guide field direction are measured using a new ion tomographic diagnostic on the Magnetic Reconnection eXperiment (MRX) during magnetic reconnection with a guide field strength of about 1.4 and 2.1 times the strength of the reconnecting component. Strong toroidal flows, beyond what has been measured in anti-parallel and lower guide field conditions on MRX, are observed. Sustained ion heating with no discernible structure within the measurement region is also observed. Probe measurements including Langmuir and Mach probe measurements are made to support the tomographic inversion of line-integrated measurements, as well as to provide local measurements of plasma parameters. Measurements of toroidal velocity and ion temperature are supported with time series data. Energy flow into and out of the X-line region is estimated using a guiding center framework and presented in the Appendix of this manuscript, suggesting an outsized role played by parallel electric field in energizing ions. The guiding center approximation is not well satisfied in the region of interest; however, the estimates provide a springboard for future, further experimentation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics