Maximin affinity learning of image segmentation

Srinivas C. Turaga, Kevin L. Briggman, Moritz Helmstaedter, Winfried Denk, H. Sebastian Seung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Images can be segmented by first using a classifier to predict an affinity graph that reflects the degree to which image pixels must be grouped together and then partitioning the graph to yield a segmentation. Machine learning has been applied to the affinity classifier to produce affinity graphs that are good in the sense of minimizing edge misclassification rates. However, this error measure is only indirectly related to the quality of segmentations produced by ultimately partitioning the affinity graph. We present the first machine learning algorithm for training a classifier to produce affinity graphs that are good in the sense of producing segmentations that directly minimize the Rand index, a well known segmentation performance measure. The Rand index measures segmentation performance by quantifying the classification of the connectivity of image pixel pairs after segmentation. By using the simple graph partitioning algorithm of finding the connected components of the thresholded affinity graph, we are able to train an affinity classifier to directly minimize the Rand index of segmentations resulting from the graph partitioning. Our learning algorithm corresponds to the learning of maximin affinities between image pixel pairs, which are predictive of the pixel-pair connectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22 - Proceedings of the 2009 Conference
Pages1865-1873
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event23rd Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 2009 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Dec 7 2009Dec 10 2009

Publication series

NameAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22 - Proceedings of the 2009 Conference

Other

Other23rd Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 2009
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period12/7/0912/10/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems

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