Mathematical modeling and steady-state analysis of a co-ionic-conducting solid oxide fuel cell

Mona Bavarian, Masoud Soroush, Ioannis G. Kevrekidis, Jay B. Benziger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


A mathematical model of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) with a BaCe 1xSmxO type electrolyte is developed. This class of electrolytes exhibits both proton and oxygen-anion conductivity. To develop the model, heat transfer, mass transfer and electrochemical processes are taken into account. The existence of steady-state multiplicity in this class of fuel cells is investigated under three operation modes: constant ohmic load, potentiostatic and galavanostatic. The cell has up to three steady states under the constant ohmic load and potentiostatic modes, and a unique steady state under the galvanostatic mode. This same steady state behavior has been observed in oxygen-anion conducting and proton conducting SOFCs. Interestingly, this study shows that in this class of SOFCs, thermal and concentration multiplicities can coexist; ignition in the solid temperature is accompanied by extinction in the fuel and oxygen concentrations, and ignition and extinction in concentrations of water in the anode and cathode sides, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 American Control Conference, ACC 2012
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781457710957
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 American Control Conference, ACC 2012 - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 27 2012Jun 29 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Other2012 American Control Conference, ACC 2012
CityMontreal, QC

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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