Materials challenges in syngas production from hydrocarbons

C. M. Chun, F. Hershkowitz, Trikur A. Ramanarayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Currently, about 80 pet. of hydrogen is produced from natural gas alone by Steam Methane Reforming (SMR), Partial Oxidation (POX) and Autothermal Reforming (ATR) in the form of syngas which is mainly a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Produced hydrogen is predominantly used to manufacture basic chemicals such as ammonia and methanol and to upgrade petroleum products and oils in refining processes. Gasification of coal and other heavy hydrocarbons is also a viable technology for syngas production. There are many corrosion related materials challenges in industrial processes for syngas production from fossil fuels. This paper examines these challenges with particular emphasis on a high temperature material degradation phenomenon termed "metal dusting" which is a severe form of corrosion involving the break up of a bulk metallic structure into powder or "dust" consisting of metal particles, oxides and carbides. Control strategies to combat this form of corrosion are also outlined. Also included are materials challenges related to ExxonMobil's advanced steam reforming process known as Pressure Swing Reforming (PSR). This technology is a new way to make syngas from gaseous as well as liquid hydrocarbons and can be utilized in different process scenarios ranging from on-board vehicle reforming to industrial syngas production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy - A Collection of Papers Presented at the Materials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy Conference
Pages129-142
Number of pages14
StatePublished - Jun 24 2009
EventMaterials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy - Cocoa Beach, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 24 2008Feb 27 2008

Publication series

NameCeramic Transactions
Volume202
ISSN (Print)1042-1122

Conference

ConferenceMaterials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy
CountryUnited States
CityCocoa Beach, FL
Period2/24/082/27/08

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Chun, C. M., Hershkowitz, F., & Ramanarayanan, T. A. (2009). Materials challenges in syngas production from hydrocarbons. In Materials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy - A Collection of Papers Presented at the Materials Innovations in an Emerging Hydrogen Economy Conference (pp. 129-142). (Ceramic Transactions; Vol. 202).