Mapping protein–protein interactions by mass spectrometry

Xiaonan Liu, Lawrence Abad, Lopamudra Chatterjee, Ileana M. Cristea, Markku Varjosalo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are essential for numerous biological activities, including signal transduction, transcription control, and metabolism. They play a pivotal role in the organization and function of the proteome, and their perturbation is associated with various diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and infectious diseases. Recent advances in mass spectrometry (MS)-based protein interactomics have significantly expanded our understanding of the PPIs in cells, with techniques that continue to improve in terms of sensitivity, and specificity providing new opportunities for the study of PPIs in diverse biological systems. These techniques differ depending on the type of interaction being studied, with each approach having its set of advantages, disadvantages, and applicability. This review highlights recent advances in enrichment methodologies for interactomes before MS analysis and compares their unique features and specifications. It emphasizes prospects for further improvement and their potential applications in advancing our knowledge of PPIs in various biological contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMass Spectrometry Reviews
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy


  • interactomics
  • mass spectrometry
  • protein-protein interactions
  • proteomics


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