Mapping gas around massive galaxies: cross-correlation of DES Y3 galaxies and Compton-y maps from SPT and Planck

J. Sánchez, Y. Omori, C. Chang, L. E. Bleem, T. Crawford, A. Drlica-Wagner, S. Raghunathan, G. Zacharegkas, T. M.C. Abbott, M. Aguena, A. Alarcon, S. Allam, O. Alves, A. Amon, S. Avila, E. Baxter, K. Bechtol, B. A. Benson, G. M. Bernstein, E. BertinS. Bocquet, D. Brooks, D. L. Burke, A. Campos, J. E. Carlstrom, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, F. J. Castander, R. Cawthon, C. L. Chang, A. Chen, A. Choi, R. Chown, M. Costanzi, A. T. Crites, M. Crocce, L. N. da Costa, M. E.S. Pereira, T. de Haan, J. De Vicente, J. DeRose, S. Desai, H. T. Diehl, M. A. Dobbs, S. Dodelson, P. Doel, J. Elvin-Poole, W. Everett, S. Everett, I. Ferrero, B. Flaugher, P. Fosalba, J. Frieman, J. García-Bellido, M. Gatti, E. M. George, D. W. Gerdes, G. Giannini, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, N. W. Halverson, S. R. Hinton, G. P. Holder, D. L. Hollowood, W. L. Holzapfel, K. Honscheid, J. D. Hrubes, D. J. James, L. Knox, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, O. Lahav, A. T. Lee, D. Luong-Van, N. MacCrann, J. L. Marshall, J. McCullough, J. J. McMahon, P. Melchior, J. Mena-Fernández, F. Menanteau, R. Miquel, L. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, J. Muir, J. Myles, T. Natoli, S. Padin, A. Palmese, S. Pandey, F. Paz-Chinchón, A. Pieres, A. A.Plazas Malagón, A. Porredon, C. Pryke, M. Raveri, C. L. Reichardt, M. Rodriguez-Monroy, A. J. Ross, J. E. Ruhl, E. Rykoff, C. Sánchez, E. Sanchez, V. Scarpine, K. K. Schaffer, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, E. Sheldon, E. Shirokoff, M. Smith, M. Soares-Santos, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, E. Suchyta, M. E.C. Swanson, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, M. A. Troxel, D. L. Tucker, J. D. Vieira, M. Vincenzi, N. Weaverdyck, R. Williamson, B. Yanny, B. Yin

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4 Scopus citations


We cross-correlate positions of galaxies measured in data from the first three years of the Dark Energy Survey with Compton-y maps generated using data from the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and the Planck mission. We model this cross-correlation measurement together with the galaxy autocorrelation to constrain the distribution of gas in the Universe. We measure the hydrostatic mass bias or, equivalently, the mean halo bias-weighted electron pressure (bh Pe), using large-scale information. We find (bh Pe) to be [0.16+−000403, 0.28+−000504, 0.45+−001006, 0.54+−000708, 0.61+−000608, 0.63+−000807] meV cm−3 at redshifts z ∼ [0.30, 0.46, 0.62, 0.77, 0.89, 0.97]. These values are consistent with previous work where measurements exist in the redshift range. We also constrain the mean gas profile using small-scale information, enabled by the high-resolution of the SPT data. We compare our measurements to different parametrized profiles based on the cosmo-OWLS hydrodynamical simulations. We find that our data are consistent with the simulation that assumes an AGN heating temperature of 108.5 K but are incompatible with the model that assumes an AGN heating temperature of 108.0 K. These comparisons indicate that the data prefer a higher value of electron pressure than the simulations within r500c of the galaxies’ haloes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3163-3182
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: structure
  • large-scale structure of Universe


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