Non-Hermiticity gives rise to unique topological phases that have no counterparts in Hermitian systems. Such intrinsic non-Hermitian topological phases appear even in one dimension while no topological phases appear in one-dimensional Hermitian systems. Despite the recent considerable interest, the intrinsic non-Hermitian topological phases have been mainly investigated in noninteracting systems described by band theory. It has been unclear whether they survive or reduce in the presence of many-body interactions. Here, we demonstrate that the intrinsic non-Hermitian topological phases in one dimension survive even in the presence of many-body interactions. We formulate a many-body topological invariant by the winding of the complex-valued many-body spectrum in terms of a U(1) gauge field (magnetic flux). As an illustrative example, we investigate the interacting Hatano-Nelson model and find a unique topological phase and skin effect induced by many-body interactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics