Many-body localization in imperfectly isolated quantum systems

Sonika Johri, Rahul Nandkishore, R. N. Bhatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use numerical exact diagonalization to analyze which aspects of the many-body localization phenomenon survive in an imperfectly isolated setting, when the system of interest is weakly coupled to a thermalizing environment. We show that widely used diagnostics (such as many-body level statistics and expectation values in exact eigenstates) cease to show signatures of many-body localization above a critical coupling that is exponentially small in the size of the environment. However, we also identify alternative diagnostics for many-body localization, in the spectral functions of local operators. Diagnostics include a discrete spectrum and a hierarchy of energy gaps, including a universal gap at zero frequency. These alternative diagnostics are shown to be robust, and continue to show signatures of many-body localization as long as the coupling to the bath is weaker than the characteristic energy scales in the system. We also examine how these signatures disappear when the coupling to the environment becomes larger than the characteristic energy scales of the system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117401
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume114
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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