Magnetohydrodynamical equilibria with current singularities and continuous rotational transform

Yao Zhou, Yi Min Huang, A. H. Reiman, Hong Qin, Amitava Bhattacharjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We revisit the Hahm-Kulsrud-Taylor (HKT) problem, a classic prototype problem for studying resonant magnetic perturbations and 3D magnetohydrodynamical equilibria. We employ the boundary-layer techniques developed by Rosenbluth, Dagazian, and Rutherford (RDR) for the internal m = 1 kink instability, while addressing the subtle difference in the matching procedure for the HKT problem. Pedagogically, the essence of RDR's approach becomes more transparent in the reduced slab geometry of the HKT problem. We then compare the boundary-layer solution, which yields a current singularity at the resonant surface, to the numerical solution obtained using a flux-preserving Grad-Shafranov solver. The remarkable agreement between the solutions demonstrates the validity and universality of RDR's approach. In addition, we show that RDR's approach consistently preserves the rotational transform, which hence stays continuous, contrary to a recent claim that RDR's solution contains a discontinuity in the rotational transform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022103
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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boundary layers
guy wires
preserving
discontinuity
slabs
prototypes
perturbation
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "We revisit the Hahm-Kulsrud-Taylor (HKT) problem, a classic prototype problem for studying resonant magnetic perturbations and 3D magnetohydrodynamical equilibria. We employ the boundary-layer techniques developed by Rosenbluth, Dagazian, and Rutherford (RDR) for the internal m = 1 kink instability, while addressing the subtle difference in the matching procedure for the HKT problem. Pedagogically, the essence of RDR's approach becomes more transparent in the reduced slab geometry of the HKT problem. We then compare the boundary-layer solution, which yields a current singularity at the resonant surface, to the numerical solution obtained using a flux-preserving Grad-Shafranov solver. The remarkable agreement between the solutions demonstrates the validity and universality of RDR's approach. In addition, we show that RDR's approach consistently preserves the rotational transform, which hence stays continuous, contrary to a recent claim that RDR's solution contains a discontinuity in the rotational transform.",
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Magnetohydrodynamical equilibria with current singularities and continuous rotational transform. / Zhou, Yao; Huang, Yi Min; Reiman, A. H.; Qin, Hong; Bhattacharjee, Amitava.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, No. 2, 022103, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Huang, Yi Min

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