Magnetization of He3 on grafoil in the low-temperature limit

P. Schiffer, M. T. O'Keefe, D. D. Osheroff, Hiroshi Fukuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


We have measured the magnetization of the ferromagnetic second layer of pure He3 films adsorbed on Grafoil down to 0.075 mK. The zero-temperature magnetization is linear in second layer density (ρ2) and rises by a factor of ∼7 with a 6% increase in ρ2 and less than a factor of 2 increase in the apparent exchange energy, indicating that the ferromagnetic phase coexists with a lower density phase. This is the first experiment to measure the low-temperature limiting magnetization of a 2D Heisenberg ferromagnet. Our data may also support Elser's model of a registered antiferromagnetic phase at lower ρ2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1406
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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