Magnetically driven ferroelectric order in Ni3V2O8

G. Lawes, A. B. Harris, T. Kimura, N. Rogado, R. J. Cava, A. Aharony, O. Entin-Wohlman, T. Yildirim, M. Kenzelmann, C. Broholm, A. P. Ramirez

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Abstract

We show that long-range ferroelectric and incommensurate magnetic order appear simultaneously in a single phase transition in Ni3V2O8. The temperature and magnetic-field dependence of the spontaneous polarization show a strong coupling between magnetic and ferroelectric orders. We determine the magnetic symmetry using Landau theory for continuous phase transitions, which shows that the spin structure alone can break spatial inversion symmetry leading to ferroelectric order. This phenomenological theory explains our experimental observation that the spontaneous polarization is restricted to lie along the crystal b axis and predicts that the magnitude should be proportional to a magnetic order parameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number087205
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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