We report two chemical routes to prepare new magnetically doped two-dimensional (2D) tin sulfides, i.e., MnxSn1-xS2 (x = 0.1-0.2), as derivatives of K2xMnxSn1-xS2. Initial codoping with K ensures high Mn doping in the nanosheets and is additionally aiding exfoliation. In chemical route 1, the parent compound is first reacted with a diluted HCl solution, which dissolves all K and half the Mn atoms, followed by treatment with TEAOH/methanol, which results in exfoliation. In chemical route 2, K2xMnxSn1-xS2 is treated with I2 in acetonitrile, leading to the removal of almost all K atoms, followed by dispersing the product in dimethylformamide, which results in partial exfoliation. The composition and structures are characterized using scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, and selected area electron diffraction. After K removal and before exfoliation, the structure is trigonal (P3¯ m) featuring hexagonal slabs with AA stacking and appropriate interlayer space along the c axis. Upon shaking, both MnxSn1-xS2 (x = 0.1-0.2) phases can be exfoliated into thinner flakes, but nanosheets with a thickness of 2.5 nm can only be achieved via chemical route 1. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of the parent, intermediate, and restacked exfoliated products reveal that the manganese magnetic moment saturates at a moderate field, only in the exfoliated material. MnxSn1-xS2 nanosheets can be viewed as a magnetically doped derivative of SnS2, a material that is used as a high on/off ratio transistor, photocatalyst, and electrode material. Therefore, the new layered metal sulfides obtained here may have diverse applications in 2D magnetism, catalysis, or batteries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry