Machine-Learning Spectral Indicators of Topology

Nina Andrejevic, Jovana Andrejevic, B. Andrei Bernevig, Nicolas Regnault, Fei Han, Gilberto Fabbris, Thanh Nguyen, Nathan C. Drucker, Chris H. Rycroft, Mingda Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Topological materials discovery has emerged as an important frontier in condensed matter physics. While theoretical classification frameworks have been used to identify thousands of candidate topological materials, experimental determination of materials’ topology often poses significant technical challenges. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is a widely used materials characterization technique sensitive to atoms’ local symmetry and chemical bonding, which are intimately linked to band topology by the theory of topological quantum chemistry (TQC). Moreover, as a local structural probe, XAS is known to have high quantitative agreement between experiment and calculation, suggesting that insights from computational spectra can effectively inform experiments. In this work, computed X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra of more than 10 000 inorganic materials to train a neural network (NN) classifier that predicts topological class directly from XANES signatures, achieving F1 scores of 89% and 93% for topological and trivial classes, respectively is leveraged. Given the simplicity of the XAS setup and its compatibility with multimodal sample environments, the proposed machine-learning-augmented XAS topological indicator has the potential to discover broader categories of topological materials, such as non-cleavable compounds and amorphous materials, and may further inform field-driven phenomena in situ, such as magnetic field-driven topological phase transitions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2204113
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume34
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • machine learning
  • topological materials

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