Low-lying quasiparticle states and hidden collective charge instabilities in parent cobaltate superconductors

D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, Y. D. Chuang, A. Fedorov, D. Wu, J. L. Luo, N. L. Wang, L. Viciu, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan

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Abstract

We report a state-of-the-art photoemission (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy) study of high quality single crystals of the NaxCoO2 series focusing on the fine details of the low-energy states. The Fermi velocity is found to be small (<0.5 eV Å) and only weakly anisotropic over the Fermi surface at all dopings, setting the size of the pair wave function to be on the order of 10-20 nm. In the low-doping regime, the exchange interlayer splitting vanishes and two-dimensional collective instabilities such as 120°-type fluctuations become kinematically allowed. Our results suggest that the unusually small Fermi velocity and the unique symmetry of kinematic instabilities distinguish cobaltates from most other oxide superconductors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number216405
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume96
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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