Low-latency millimeter-wave communications: Traffic dispersion or network densification?

Guang Yang, Ming Xiao, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Low latency is critical for many applications in wireless communications, e.g., vehicle-to-vehicle, multimedia, and industrial control networks. Meanwhile, for the capability of providing multi-gigabits per second rates, millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communication has attracted substantial research interest recently. This paper investigates two strategies to reduce the communication delay in future wireless networks: traffic dispersion and network densification. A hybrid scheme that combines these two strategies is also considered. The probabilistic delay and effective capacity are used to evaluate performance. For probabilistic delay, the violation probability of delay, i.e., the probability that the delay exceeds a given tolerance level, is characterized in terms of upper bounds, which are derived by applying stochastic network calculus theory. In addition, to characterize the maximum affordable arrival traffic for mm-wave systems, the effective capacity, i.e., the service capability with a given quality-of-service requirement, is studied. The derived bounds on the probabilistic delay and effective capacity are validated through simulations. These numerical results show that, for a given sum power budget, traffic dispersion, network densification, and the hybrid scheme exhibit different potentials to reduce the end-to-end communication delay. For instance, traffic dispersion outperforms network densification when high sum power budget and arrival rate are given, while it could be the worst option, otherwise. Furthermore, it is revealed that, increasing the number of independent paths and/or relay density is always beneficial, while the performance gain is related to the arrival rate and sum power, jointly. Therefore, a proper transmission scheme should be selected to optimize the delay performance, according to the given conditions on arrival traffic and system service capability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8319949
Pages (from-to)3526-3539
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Millimeter-wave
  • delay
  • network densification
  • traffic dispersion


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