Long-range and local crystal structures of the S r1-x C axRu O3 perovskites

Loi T. Nguyen, Milinda Abeykoon, Jing Tao, Saul Lapidus, R. J. Cava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The crystal structures of the Sr1-xCaxRuO3(0≤x≤1) perovskites are investigated using both long-range and local structural probes. High-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray-diffraction characterization at ambient temperature shows that the materials have orthorhombic long-range crystal structures to high precision, and we support previous work showing that Ca2+ substitution for Sr2+ primarily changes the tilting of rigid corner-sharing RuO6 octahedra at their shared oxygen vertices. X-ray pair-distribution function analysis for SrRuO3,CaRuO3, and one intermediate composition show them to display monoclinic symmetry at the local level; when averaged over different domain orientations this yields orthorhombic symmetry in the long range, and no long-range or local phase transitions are observed between 80 and 300 K for materials with intermediate compositions. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy shows that the Sr/Ca distribution is random at the nanoscale. We plot magnetic characteristics such as the ferromagnetic Tc, Curie-Weiss theta, effective moment, and ambient temperature susceptibility vs the octahedral tilt and unit-cell volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034407
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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