Logarithmic terms in entanglement entropies of 2D quantum critical points and shannon entropies of spin chains

Michael P. Zaletel, Jens H. Bardarson, Joel E. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Universal logarithmic terms in the entanglement entropy appear at quantum critical points (QCPs) in one dimension (1D) and have been predicted in 2D at QCPs described by 2D conformal field theories. The entanglement entropy in a strip geometry at such QCPs can be obtained via the "Shannon entropy" of a 1D spin chain with open boundary conditions. The Shannon entropy of the XXZ chain is found to have a logarithmic term that implies, for the QCP of the square-lattice quantum dimer model, a logarithm with universal coefficient ±0.25. However, the logarithm in the Shannon entropy of the transverse-field Ising model, which corresponds to entanglement in the 2D Ising conformal QCP, is found to have a singular dependence on the replica or Rényi index resulting from flows to different boundary conditions at the entanglement cut.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number020402
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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