The distribution of the adenovirus early region 1B 55-kDa protein (E1B-55kDa) in lytically infected HeLa cells was determined. At the time of infection, when the E1B-55kDa protein facilitates the cytoplasmic accumulation of viral mRNA while simultaneously restricting the accumulation of most cellular mRNA, five distinct intracellular localizations of the protein were observed. Only one of these was disrupted when cells were infected with a mutant virus that fai1s to produce a second viral protein encoded by early region 4 (E4-34kDa). This protein normally forms a complex with the E1B-55kDa polypeptide, enabling it to influence RNA metabolism. This key localization of the E1B protein was within and about the periphery of nuclear viral inclusion bodies believed to be the site of viral DNA replication and transcription. In the absence of the E4-34kDa protein, the coincidence of E1B-55kDa-specific immunofluorescence and phase-dense viral inclusions was reduced compared with that in a wild-type infection. Similarly, by immunoelectron microscopy, the relative number of E1B-55kDa-specific immunogold particles associated with the clear fibrillar inclusion bodies was reduced. However, the E4-34kDa protein was not required for the close association of the early region 2A DNA binding protein with the viral inclusions. We propose that the viral 55-kDa-34-kDa protein complex interacts with a cellular factor required for cytoplasmic accumulation of mRNAs and directs it to the periphery of the transcriptionally active viral inclusion bodies. This model provides an explanation for the ability of these viral proteins to simultaneously enhance accumulation of viral mRNAs and inhibit accumulation of cellular mRNAs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science