Local-area age structure and population composition: Implications for elderly health in Japan

Eric M. Vogelsang, James M. Raymo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Objective: This study examines relationships between local-area age structure and health at older ages. Method: We estimate random intercept models for two disability measures using four waves of data from a national panel study of 3,580 Japanese older adults. Results: Elderly living in relatively older areas reported more difficulties with activities of daily living compared with those living in an "average" age structure. Controlling for individual characteristics and time did little to change this relationship; while a similar relationship between older age structure and functional limitations emerged. Discussion: Residents of relatively older areas tended to have lower socioeconomic status, but this "disadvantage" was offset by their higher rates of employment and marriage. These compositional differences highlight the role of local-area age structure in identifying and understanding elderly health variation between places.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-177
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science


  • Japan
  • age structure
  • disability
  • environmental gerontology
  • population aging


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