LnPdSb and Ln3Au3Sb4: new thermoelectric materials

K. Mastronardi, D. Young, C. C. Wang, A. P. Ramirez, P. Khalifah, R. J. Cava

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The thermoelectric properties near ambient temperature of half-Heusler alloys based on HoPdSb, DyPdSb, and ErPdSb are reported. The Seebeck coefficients are between 60 and 250 μV/K. The resistivities range between 0.6 and 20 mωcm, and the majority carriers are p-type. Thermal conductivities are smallest in intentionally disordered materials. The highest ambient temperature ZT obtained is 0.06. Band structure calculations are presented, and are compared to those for ZrNiSn. It is suggested that half-Heusler alloys with 18 electrons per formula unit may represent a large class of thermoelectric materials. The thermoelectric properties of another family of cubic symmetry antimonides, based on Ho3Au3Sb4 and Sm3Au3Sb4, are also reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1998 MRS Fall Meeting - The Symposium 'Advanced Catalytic Materials-1998' - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Nov 30 1998Dec 3 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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