Liver-expressed Cd302 and Cr1l limit hepatitis C virus cross-species transmission to mice

Richard J.P. Brown, Birthe Tegtmeyer, Julie Sheldon, Tanvi Khera, Anggakusuma, Daniel Todt, Gabrielle Vieyres, Romy Weller, Sebastian Joecks, Yudi Zhang, Svenja Sake, Dorothea Bankwitz, Kathrin Welsch, Corinne Ginkel, Michael Engelmann, Gisa Gerold, Eike Steinmann, Qinggong Yuan, Michael Ott, Florian W.R. VondranThomas Krey, Luisa J. Ströh, Csaba Miskey, Zoltán Ivics, Vanessa Herder, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Chris Lauber, Michael Seifert, Alexander W. Tarr, C. Patrick McClure, Glenn Randall, Yasmine Baktash, Alexander Ploss, Viet Loan Dao Thi, Eleftherios Michailidis, Mohsan Saeed, Lieven Verhoye, Philip Meuleman, Natascha Goedecke, Dagmar Wirth, Charles M. Rice, Thomas Pietschmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has no animal reservoir, infecting only humans. To investigate species barrier determinants limiting infection of rodents, murine liver complementary DNA library screening was performed, identifying transmembrane proteins Cd302 and Cr1l as potent restrictors of HCV propagation. Combined ectopic expression in human hepatoma cells impeded HCV uptake and cooperatively mediated transcriptional dysregulation of a noncanonical program of immunity genes. Murine hepatocyte expression of both factors was constitutive and not interferon inducible, while differences in liver expression and the ability to restrict HCV were observed between the murine orthologs and their human counterparts. Genetic ablation of endogenous Cd302 expression in human HCV entry factor transgenic mice increased hepatocyte permissiveness for an adapted HCV strain and dysregulated expression of metabolic process and host defense genes. These findings highlight human-mouse differences in liver-intrinsic antiviral immunity and facilitate the development of next-generation murine models for preclinical testing of HCV vaccine candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereabd3233
JournalScience Advances
Volume6
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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