Lithium ion-poly (ethylene oxide) complexes. I. Effect of anion on conductivity

E. A. Rietman, M. L. Kaplan, R. J. Cava

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Abstract

The ionic conductivities of a series of lithium salt-poly (ethylene oxide) complexes have been studied from ambient temperature to approximately 400 K. Plots of the variation of conductivity with temperature indicate a transition in behaviorr between 330-360 K. The activation energies in the high temperature regime vary from 0.16 eV (LiH2PO4) to 1.45 eV (LiNO3) and in the low temperature regime from 0.86 eV (LiBF4) to 2.47 eV (LiH2PO4). Conductivity values for the salts tested also exhibits wide variation. The lowest measured conductivity was 10-9 S/cm and the highest was 10-4 S/cm. The anion plays an important role in the total measured conductivity. Salts with oxygen-containing anions form complexes with an apparent higher conductivity when the sample is vacuum dried. This suggets hydrogen bonding with residual water in the polymer impeding anionic mobility. In one of the salt-complexes (LiBF4) residual water and thermal history, were shown not to significantly affect conductivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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