We study the effects of lithium (Li) incorporation in the cathodes of organic light-emitting devices. A thermally evaporated surface layer of metallic Li is found to diffuse through, and subsequently dope, the electron transporting organic semiconducting thin films immediately below the cathode, forming an Ohmic contact. A diffusion length of ∼700 Å is inferred from analyses of the current-voltage and secondary ion mass spectrometry data. The conductivity of the Li-doped organic films is ∼3 × 10-5 S/cm. Photoemission spectroscopy suggests that Li lowers the barrier to injection at the organic/cathode interface, introduces gap states in the bulk of the organic semiconductor, and dopes the bulk to facilitate efficient charge transport.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)