Links between primary occupation and functional limitations among older adults in Mexico

Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Anne Pebley, Noreen Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social inequalities in health and disability are often attributed to differences in childhood adversity, access to care, health behavior, residential environments, stress, and the psychosocial aspects of work environments. Yet, disadvantaged people are also more likely to hold jobs requiring heavy physical labor, repetitive movement, ergonomic strain, and safety hazards. We investigate the role of physical work conditions in contributing to social inequality in mobility among older adults in Mexico, using data from the Mexican Health and Aging Survey (MHAS) and an innovative statistical modeling approach. We use data on categories of primary adult occupation to serve as proxies for jobs with more or less demanding physical work requirements. Our results show that more physically demanding jobs are associated with mobility limitations at older ages, even when we control for age and sex. Inclusion of job categories attenuates the effects of education and wealth on mobility limitations, suggesting that physical work conditions account for at least part of the socioeconomic differentials in mobility limitations in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-392
Number of pages11
JournalSSM - Population Health
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy

Keywords

  • Education
  • Financial resources
  • Mexico
  • Mobility limitations
  • Occupation

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