Linear-nonlinear-poisson models of primate choice dynamics

Greg S. Corrado, Leo P. Sugrue, Hyunjune Sebastian Seung, William T. Newsome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


The equilibrium phenomenon of matching behavior traditionally has been studied in stationary environments. Here we attempt to uncover the local mechanism of choice that gives rise to matching by studying behavior in a highly dynamic foraging environment. In our experiments, 2 rhesus monkeys (Macacca mulatta) foraged for juice rewards by making eye movements to one of two colored icons presented on a computer monitor, each rewarded on dynamic variable-interval schedules. Using a generalization of Wiener kernel analysis, we recover a compact mechanistic description of the impact of past reward on future choice in the form of a Linear-Nonlinear-Poisson model. We validate this model through rigorous predictive and generative testing. Compared to our earlier work with this same data set, this model proves to be a better description of choice behavior and is more tightly correlated with putative neural value signals. Refinements over previous models include hyperbolic (as opposed to exponential) temporal discounting of past rewards, and differential (as opposed to fractional) comparisons of option value. Through numerical simulation we find that within this class of strategies, the model parameters employed by animals are very close to those that maximize reward harvesting efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-617
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


  • Choice
  • Decision theory
  • Eye movements
  • Hyperbolic discounting
  • LNP models
  • Matching
  • Monkey
  • Neuroeconomics
  • Reward


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