Engagement of integrin receptors by the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibronectin (FN) activates intracellular signaling, cytoskeletal reorganization and cellular tension. The soluble factor lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts through Rho GTPase and its effector Rho kinase (ROCK) to enhance α5β1 integrin-mediated cell spreading on the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) cell-binding domain of FN. A second cell-binding site for α4 integrins resides in the CS1 segment of the alternatively spliced V region of FN. We show here that LPA treatment of α4β1-expressing CHOα4 cells on FN induced a significant decrease in spread cell area. LPA also decreased apoptosis induced by serum-deprivation in CHOα4 and human A375 melanoma cells in an α4β1-dependent manner. Improvement in cell viability and changes in cell morphology were dependent on ROCK and on the number of substrate binding sites for α4β1. LPA signaling combined with α4β1-mediated adhesion appears to sustain cell viability in situations where FN matrix is limiting. Such cooperation may impact dynamic cellular events such as wound healing, fibrosis, and metastasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology