Les mathématiques à l'Académie Royale d'Architecture dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle

Translated title of the contribution: Mathematics at the Académie Royale d'Architecture in the second half of the 18th century

Basile Baudez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While mathematics were at the center of the teachings in the Académie Royale d'Architecture from its foundation in 1671, the historiography of the history of the teaching of the sciences in France during the modern period almost never mentions the role of this institution in the dissemination of mathematical knowledge. The analysis of the aspect of two holders of the chair of mathematics in the Ecole de l'Académie, Charles-Etienne-Louis Camus and Antoine-Rémi Mauduit, of the contents of their teachings, and of their place in the world of mathematics in the France of the Enlightenment reveals an ever increasing divorce between two concepts of architectural education: one emphasizing erudite mathematical knowledge; and one leaving this knowledge to engineers, in order to concentrate on the rendering of an increasingly sophisticated program. The nomination of Mauduit, after the death of Camus in 1768, thus fixed the abandon of a certain scientific ambition at the center of the Académie d'Architecture, to the advantage of the engineering schools, a situation consecrated by the French Revolution, and which still weighs on the education of our architects.

Translated title of the contributionMathematics at the Académie Royale d'Architecture in the second half of the 18th century
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalRevue de l'Art
Volume171
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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