Length-dependent stability and strand length limits in antiparallel β-sheet secondary structure

Heather E. Stanger, Faisal A. Syud, Juan F. Espinosa, Izabela Giriat, Tom Muir, Samuel H. Gellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Designed peptides that fold autonomously to specific conformations in aqueous solution are useful for elucidating protein secondary structural preferences. For example, autonomously folding model systems have been essential for establishing the relationship between α-helix length and α-helix stability, which would be impossible to probe with α-helices embedded in folded proteins. Here, we use designed peptides to examine the effect of strand length on antiparallel β-sheet stability. α-Helices become more stable as they grow longer. Our data show that a two-stranded β-sheet ("β-hairpin") becomes more stable when the strands are lengthened from five to seven residues, but that further strand lengthening to nine residues does not lead to further β-hairpin stabilization for several extension sequences examined. (In one case, all-threonine extension, there may be an additional stabilization on strand lengthening from seven to nine residues.) These results suggest that there may be an intrinsic limit to strand length for most sequences in antiparallel β-sheet secondary structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12015-12020
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume98
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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