Learning what not to say: The role of statistical preemption and categorization in a-adjective production

Jeremy K. Boyd, Adele E. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

A persistent mystery in language acquisition is how speakers are able to learn seemingly arbitrary distributional restrictions. This article investigates one such case: the fact that speakers resist using certain adjectives prenominally (e.g. ??the asleep man). Experiment 1 indicates that speakers tentatively generalize or CATEGORIZE the distributional restriction beyond their previous experience. Experiment 2 demonstrates that speakers are sensitive to STATISTICAL PREEMPTION-that is, speakers learn not to use a formulation if an alternative formulation with the same function is consistently witnessed. Moreover, they are able to generalize the restriction to apply to other members of the category as well. Finally, experiment 3 finds evidence that speakers DISCOUNT a pseudopreemptive context, rationally ignoring it as uninformative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-83
Number of pages29
JournalLanguage
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Keywords

  • Entrenchment
  • Language acquisition
  • Negative evidence
  • Preemption
  • Reasoning
  • Statistical learning

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