Learning-Based Distributed Detection-Estimation in Sensor Networks with Unknown Sensor Defects

Qing Zhou, Di Li, Soummya Kar, Lauren M. Huie, H. Vincent Poor, Shuguang Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The problem of distributed estimation of an unknown deterministic scalar parameter (the target signal) in a wireless sensor network is considered, where each sensor receives a single snapshot of the field. It is assumed that the observation at each node randomly falls into one of two modes: a valid or an invalid observation mode. Specifically, mode one corresponds to the desired signal plus noise observation mode (valid), and mode two corresponds to the pure noise mode (invalid) due to node defect or damage. With no prior information on such local sensing modes, a learning-based distributed procedure is introduced, called the mixed detection-estimation (MDE) algorithm, based on iterative closed-loop interactions between mode learning (detection) and target estimation. The online learning step reassesses the validity of the local observations at each iteration, thus refining the ongoing estimation update process. The convergence of the MDE algorithm is established analytically. Asymptotic analysis shows that, in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime, the MDE estimation error converges to that of an ideal (centralized) estimator with perfect information about the node sensing modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-145
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Distributed estimation
  • distributed learning
  • order statistics
  • robust inference
  • sensor networks

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