Learning-Based Adaptive IRS Control With Limited Feedback Codebooks

Junghoon Kim, Seyyedali Hosseinalipour, Andrew C. Marcum, Taejoon Kim, David J. Love, Christopher G. Brinton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS) consist of configurable meta-atoms, which can change the wireless propagation environment through design of their reflection coefficients. We consider a practical setting where (i) the IRS reflection coefficients are configured by adjusting tunable elements embedded in the meta-atoms, (ii) the IRS reflection coefficients are affected by the incident angles of the incoming signals, (iii) the IRS is deployed in multi-path, time-varying channels, and (iv) the feedback link from the base station to the IRS has a low data rate. Conventional optimization-based IRS control protocols, which rely on channel estimation and conveying the optimized variables to the IRS, are not applicable in this setting due to the difficulty of channel estimation and the low feedback rate. Therefore, we develop a novel adaptive codebook-based limited feedback protocol where only a codeword index is transferred to the IRS. We propose two solutions for adaptive codebook design, random adjacency (RA) and deep neural network policy-based IRS control (DPIC), both of which only require the end-to-end compound channels. We further develop several augmented schemes based on RA and DPIC. Numerical evaluations show that the data rate and average data rate over one coherence time are improved substantially by our schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9566-9581
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)
  • adaptive codebook
  • deep reinforcement learning
  • limited feedback
  • reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)
  • software-controlled meta-surface


Dive into the research topics of 'Learning-Based Adaptive IRS Control With Limited Feedback Codebooks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this