TY - GEN

T1 - Large scale topology optimization using preconditioned krylov subspace recycling and continuous approximation of material distribution

AU - De Sturler, Eric

AU - Le, Chau

AU - Wang, Shun

AU - Paulino, Glaucio

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Large-scale topology optimization problems demand the solution of a large number of linear systems arising in the finite element analysis. These systems can be solved efficiently by special iterative solvers. Because the linear systems in the sequence of optimization steps change slowly from one step to the next, we can significantly reduce the number of iterations and the runtime of the linear solver by recycling selected search spaces from previous linear systems, and by using preconditioning and scaling techniques. We also provide a new implementation of the 8-node brick (B8) element for the continuous approximation of material distribution (CAMD) approach to improve designs of functionally graded materials. Specifically, we develop a B8/B8 implementation in which the element shape functions are used for the approximation of both displacements and material density at nodal locations. Finally, we evaluate the effectiveness of several solver and preconditioning strategies, and we investigate large-scale examples, including functionally graded materials, which are solved with a special version of the SIMP (solid isotropic material with penalization) model. The effectiveness of the solver is demonstrated by means of a topology optimization problem in a functionally graded material with 1.6 million unknowns on a fast PC.

AB - Large-scale topology optimization problems demand the solution of a large number of linear systems arising in the finite element analysis. These systems can be solved efficiently by special iterative solvers. Because the linear systems in the sequence of optimization steps change slowly from one step to the next, we can significantly reduce the number of iterations and the runtime of the linear solver by recycling selected search spaces from previous linear systems, and by using preconditioning and scaling techniques. We also provide a new implementation of the 8-node brick (B8) element for the continuous approximation of material distribution (CAMD) approach to improve designs of functionally graded materials. Specifically, we develop a B8/B8 implementation in which the element shape functions are used for the approximation of both displacements and material density at nodal locations. Finally, we evaluate the effectiveness of several solver and preconditioning strategies, and we investigate large-scale examples, including functionally graded materials, which are solved with a special version of the SIMP (solid isotropic material with penalization) model. The effectiveness of the solver is demonstrated by means of a topology optimization problem in a functionally graded material with 1.6 million unknowns on a fast PC.

KW - Fast solution schemes

KW - Finite elements

KW - Functionally graded materials

KW - Material distribution

KW - Topology optimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=40449138046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=40449138046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.2896790

DO - 10.1063/1.2896790

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:40449138046

SN - 9780735404922

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

SP - 279

EP - 284

BT - Multiscale and Functionally Graded Materials - Proceedings of the International Conference, FGM IX

T2 - 9th International Conference on Multiscale and Functionally Graded Materials, FGM IX

Y2 - 15 October 2006 through 18 October 2006

ER -