Large-scale solar-thermal desalination

Yanjie Zheng, Rodrigo A. Caceres Gonzalez, Kelsey B. Hatzell, Marta C. Hatzell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Solar-thermal desalination technologies could provide a sustainable path toward achieving high-volume (millions of gallons per day) desalted water in remote and inland regions. Yet, efficient integration between solar capture and desalination remains a critical challenge. Integration challenges are accentuated when exploring solar-thermal technologies such as concentrating solar, due to the temperature mismatch, which often exists between solar capture and conversion technologies and desalination technologies. Here, we highlight the potential opportunities for large-scale solar-thermal desalination plants. We also identify the critical metrics of success that are necessary for large-scale solar-thermal desalination plants. Furthermore, we evaluate and detail how performance and cost can be agumented through hybridizing desalination systems by using exergy cascade utilization principals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1971-1986
Number of pages16
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 18 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Energy


  • cogeneration
  • exergy utilization
  • renewable desalination
  • renewable energy
  • solar-thermal desalination
  • thermal systems


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