Large eddy simulation of soot formation in a model gas turbine combustor

Heeseok Koo, Malik Hassanaly, Venkat Raman, Michael Edward Mueller, Klaus Peter Geigle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The computational modeling of soot in aircraft engines is a formidable challenge, not only due to the multi-scale interactions with the turbulent combustion process but the equally complex physical and chemical processes that drive the conversion of gas-phase fuel molecules into solid-phase particles. In particular, soot formation is highly sensitive to the gas-phase composition and temporal fluctuations in a turbulent background flow. In this work, a large eddy simulation (LES) framework is used to study soot formation in a model aircraft combustor with swirl-based fuel and air injection. Two different configurations are simulated: one with and one without secondary oxidation jets. Specific attention is paid to the LES numerical implementation such that the discrete solver minimizes the dissipation of kinetic energy. Simulation of the model combustor shows that the LES approach captures the two recirculation zones necessary for flame stabilization very accurately. Further, the model reasonably predicts the temperature profiles inside the combustor. The model also captures variation in soot volume fraction with global equivalence ratio. The structure of the soot field suggests that when secondary oxidation jets are present, the inner recirculation region becomes fuel lean and soot generation is completely suppressed. Further, the soot field is highly intermittent suggesting that a very restrictive set of gas phase conditions promote soot generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCombustion, Fuels and Emissions
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791849767
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 13 2016Jun 17 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume4B-2016

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/13/166/17/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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