Erdös and Hajnal [Discrete Math 25 (1989), 37-52] conjectured that, for any graph H, every graph on n vertices that does not have H as an induced subgraph contains a clique or a stable set of size nε(H) for some ε(H)>0. The Conjecture 1. known to be true for graphs H with |V(H)|<4. One of the two remaining open cases on five vertices is the case where H is a four-edge path, the other case being a cycle of length five. In this article we prove that every graph on n vertices that does not contain a four-edge path or the complement of a five-edge path as an induced subgraph contains either a clique or a stable set of size at least n1/6.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geometry and Topology
- Erdös-Hajnal conjecture
- forbidden induced subgraphs