Large-Area Electronics HF RFID Reader Array for Object-Detecting Smart Surfaces

Yoni Mehlman, Prakhar Kumar, Murat Ozatay, Sigurd Wagner, James C. Sturm, Naveen Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This letter presents a system that enables identification and localization of objects through an array of RFID-readers integrated into a thin sheet via large-area electronics, for lining everyday surfaces. We demonstrate a 5 × 5 active matrix of RFID readers based on thin-film transistor (TFT) LC oscillators, using in-house fabricated ZnO TFTs. The array is designed to read commercial ISO14443 13.56 MHz tags, employing a tag-talks-first protocol to maximize readout speed for high array frame rate. The spatial resolution is set by the reader coil dimensions, which are 3.7 cm × 3.7 cm, for a maximum of 730 pixels/m2. Using a 2.4 cm × 2.4 cm tag the array achieves a vertical read range of 3 cm and lateral range of 1.6 cm at a readout speed of 5 ms per element (set by the commercial tag). Readout is accomplished by sensing the current via the shared VDD line of the array, in order to reduce interfacing requirements as array size scales. After filtering and amplification, the demodulated data has an amplitude of >350 mV and the maximum power consumed by the reader array is <280 mW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8653952
Pages (from-to)182-185
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Cross-coupled LC oscillators
  • RFID reader array
  • large-area electronics (LAE)
  • smart homes
  • zinc oxide thin film transistors


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