## Abstract

We introduce the conormal fan of a matroid M, which is a Lagrangian analog of the Bergman fan of M. We use the conormal fan to give a Lagrangian interpretation of the Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson cycle of M. This allows us to express the ℎ-vector of the broken circuit complex of M in terms of the intersection theory of the conormal fan of M. We also develop general tools for tropical Hodge theory to prove that the conormal fan satisfies Poincaré duality, the hard Lefschetz theorem, and the Hodge–Riemann relations. The Lagrangian interpretation of the Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson cycle of M, when combined with the Hodge–Riemann relations for the conormal fan of M, implies Brylawski’s and Dawson’s conjectures that the ℎ-vectors of the broken circuit complex and the independence complex of M are log-concave sequences.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 727-794 |

Number of pages | 68 |

Journal | Journal of the American Mathematical Society |

Volume | 36 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2023 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- General Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics