Laboratory Constraints on the Neutron-Spin Coupling of feV-Scale Axions

Junyi Lee, Mariangela Lisanti, William A. Terrano, Michael Romalis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Ultralight axionlike particles can contribute to the dark matter near the Sun, leading to a distinct, stochastic signature in terrestrial experiments. We search for such particles through their neutron-spin coupling by reanalyzing approximately 40 days of data from a K-He3 comagnetometer with a new frequency-domain likelihood-based formalism that properly accounts for stochastic effects over all axion coherence times relative to the experimental time span. Assuming that axions make up all of the dark matter in the Sun's vicinity, we find a median 95% upper limit on the neutron-spin coupling of 2.4×10-10 GeV-1 for most axion masses from 0.4 to 4 feV, which is about 5 orders of magnitude more stringent than previous laboratory bounds in that mass range. Although several peaks in the experiment's magnetic power spectrum suggest the rejection of a white-noise null hypothesis, further analysis of their line shapes yields no positive evidence for a dark-matter axion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011050
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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